ประเด็นในรายการวิทยุ (ใหม่)

ประเด็นในรายการวิทยุ เจาะตลาดแดนมังกร

    เพื่อ ประโยชน์ในการศึกษาวิจัยและเพื่อการค้นคว้าหาความรู้ ผมจึงได้นำข่าวและข้อมูลที่ผมได้เตรียมไว้สำหรับการทำรายการวิทยุ"เจาะตลาด แดนมังกร"ทาง FM 96.5 ของ อสมท. ทุกวันอาทิตย์มาใส่ไว้ให้ท่านผู้ฟังและผู้ที่สนใจนำไปใช้ในการสังเคราะห์และการเพิ่มเติมความรู้ ตามปรัชญาท่าน "ซุนวู่" ที่ว่า "รู้เขา-รู้เรา รบร้อยครั้งชนะร้อยครั้ง" -- สมยศ แช่มช้อย ---

 

ประเด็นข่าว

"เว็บไซต์นี้ไม่มีวัตถุประสงค์ทางธุรกิจและการค้า"
This is Non-Commercial Objective Website
 
   
 
ประเด็นสำหรับรายการ "เจาะตลาดแดนมังกร" วันอาทิตย์ที่ 9 ธันวาคม 2561
 
1. มองภาพเศรษฐกิจและการตลาดของประเทศจีน ในปัจจุบัน เมืองไหนที่มีปัจจัยพร้อมสำหรับการลงทุนทำธุรกิจมากที่สุดในขณะนี้ ?

2. ทำไม คนรุ่นใหม่ของจีนจึงสนใจเข้ารับราชการ มากกว่าที่จะไปทำงานในบริษัทเอกชนเหมือนในช่วงระยะเวลาที่ผ่านมา เป็นเพราะอะไร ?

3. วิเคราะห์เจาะลึก "สังคมผู้สูงวัย” (Aging Society) ในประเทศจีนขยายตัวเพิ่มขึ้น รัฐบาลจีนมีวิธีในการบริหารจัดการกับผู้สูงวัยอย่างไร กับประชากรที่มีจำนวนมหาศาล ?



ติดตามได้ทางวิทยุ "FM 96.5" อสมท และทาง "ThinkingRadio" App. 

เวลา "บ่ายสองโมงครึ่งถึงสี่โมงเย็น" วันอาทิตย์นี้






ข้อมูลที่น่าสนใจ


Shanghai Import Expo symbol of China's concept of win-win cooperation: U.S.expert

October. 24  2018 (Xinhua)

 



The China International Import Expo (CIIE), to be held in Shanghai on Nov 5-10, is a symbol of win-win cooperation which Chinahas long championed in handling foreign relations, a leading China expert said.

 

"It's one of the few things in the world that has really no downside. It is all positive for everyone," Robert Kuhn, chairman of the Kuhn Foundation, said in an interview with Xinhua on Tuesday.

 

The CIIE, the first-ever Chinese fair focusing exclusively on imported goods and services, is expected to draw more than 2,800 companies from over 130 countries and regions.

There are multiple reasons that so many companies are attending the event, Kuhn said, "the obvious reason is to generate revenues and profits. They do that for their shareholders and their careers."

More importantly, he said, it is because of "the dynamism of the Chinese market."

" China is in most areas, either the world's largest market, or will become the world's largest market and no company in this world can afford not to be in the Chinese market," said Kuhn.

China is expected to import 10 trillion U.S. dollars worth of goods and services in the next five years, according to China's Ministry of Commerce.

Even companies that don't do too well in the Chinese market due to strong competition also have to be in China in order to become a "worldwide player," he said.

"There are very few industries in the future where companies can, and will be able to compete on a global basis or even in their home country, if they are not in the Chinese market, being in touch with the latest trends, or the latest problems or challenges," Kuhn added.

"So to large numbers of companies, particularly in technologies and new areas, to be in the Chinese market is not an option. It's essential for them," he said.

For U.S. companies doing business with China, the trade tensions between the United States and China are really "a distraction," Kuhn said.

"They're unhappy with it. It's beyond their areas of expertise. They really don't want to deal with the problems of the bigger macroeconomic, political, or economic or geopolitical matter. They only want to deal with the nuts and bolts of their own business. And to be successful, they need to be in the Chinese market," he explained.

On the other hand, Kuhn said, " Chinais doing it (CIIE) for its own benefit and the benefit of its own industries and its own people."

"Obviously, the primary interest of (the Chinese) government is to elevate the standard of living of the people," he said.

China has gone through a phase of cheap labor during which migrant workers were willing to work for very low wages that were still much better than their earnings on the farms, he said, "but that phase is passed ... people want more goods and more quality goods."

By boosting imports as symbolized by the expo, the country also encourages domestic companies to be "more innovative and more productive on their own," he said.

"Because if they have a closed market, they can sort of be more lazy in their corporate endeavors... But now you have foreign entries into the market, it forces the Chinese companies to do better," he added.



China's central bank pumps funds into market via MLF

Xinhua | Updated: 2018-09-07

 

China's central bank Friday injected 176.5 billion yuan ($25.88 billion) of funds into the market via the medium-term lending facility (MLF) to maintain liquidity.


The funds will mature in one year with an interest rate of 3.3 percent, unchanged from previous operations, the People's Bank of China (PBOC) said on its website.


The operation effectively rolled over an equal amount of such loans, which matured Friday.

The MLF tool was introduced in 2014 to help commercial and policy banks maintain liquidity by allowing them to borrow from the central bank using securities as collateral.


On Friday, the PBOC suspended reverse repo operations for the 13th consecutive trading day. 


On a net basis, the central bank did not inject nor drain liquidity from the market this week.

In Friday's interbank market, the overnight Shanghai Interbank Offered Rate (Shibor), which measures the cost at which banks lend to one another, climbed 9.7 basis points to 2.59 percent, the highest level in more than two weeks. The Shibor rate for one-month loans also rose slightly to 2.85 percent.

 

The country vowed to maintain control over the floodgates of monetary supply and keep liquidity at a reasonable and ample level, according to a statement issued after a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in July.




China's fixed-asset investment grows fast since 1978

Xinhua | Updated: 2018-09-07

 

China's fixed-asset investment has maintained rapid growth since the country began to implement the reform and opening up policy in 1978 and has been an important force behind China's economic growth, official data showed Thursday.

 

Between 1981 and 2017, fixed-asset investment totaled 490 trillion yuan ($71.83 trillion), with an average annual growth rate of 20.2 percent, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said on its website.

 

The contribution of investment to China's economic development also stayed at a high level, with the share of investment in GDP up from 38.9 percent in 1978 to 44.4 percent in 2017.

 

The share peaked in 2011 at 48 percent and fell after that as China's economy steered away from over-reliance on investment and exports to the coordinated driving forces of consumption, investment, and export.

 

Last year, the share of investment in GDP was 9.2 percentage points lower than that of final consumption and the contribution of investment to economic growth stood at 32.1 percent, 26.7 percentage points lower than final consumption.

 

Chinahas gradually created sound interaction between effective investment and consumption upgrading, the NBS said.

 

 

Calculated with constant prices, China's GDP rose 33.5 times in the 1978-2017 period, representing an average annual growth of 9.5 percent, much higher than a world average of about 2.9 percent during the same period.


Growth forecast to remain solid this year

China Daily | Updated: 2018-08-03

 

The Chinese economy is forecast to see solid growth in the second half of the year, bolstered by buoyant consumption, the nation's top economic regulator said. The prediction is expected to soothe concerns about the escalating trade dispute with the United States.

 

"In the first six months, consumption retained growth momentum and has played a key role in supporting economic growth as consumption has become a key element of the nation's rebalancing act," Liu Yunan, a senior official with the National Development and Reform Commission, said on Thursday.

 

Consumption contributed 78.5 percent of total economic growth in the first half, up by 14.2 percentage points compared with the same period last year, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.

 

Economic growth remained solid at 6.8 percent in the first half, with residential income growth holding steady, supporting relatively robust consumption, according to the NBS.

 

The report comes at a time when the tepid growth of some indicators has raised concerns over China's rebalancing moves toward domestic consumption as trade troubles with the United Stateshave escalated and uncertainties in the global economy have increased.

 

The growth of retail sales slowed in recent months, a key indicator reflecting how spending by residents is holding up.

 

Liu said retail sales growth has been dragged down by some seasonal factors and delays in automobile purchases as residents looking forward to tariff cuts held onto their cash. The government pledged to cut import tariffs on automobiles and auto parts this year.

 

Despite some external challenges, spending is expected to see a rebound in coming months with downward dips remaining under control, according to Liu.

 

To promote continued expansion of domestic consumption, the government will roll out more supportive measures to increase consumption demand, such as continuing to promote supply-side reforms, providing better products and fostering a more vibrant private sector, according to Ou Xiaoli, another senior official with the commission.

 

While concerns remain that rising trade conflicts may result in higher prices on some goods for consumers, experts expected the overall effect to be limited.

 

Niu Li, an economist at the commission's State Information Center, said the government will provide some level of support to cushion risks of possible price increases on agricultural products.

 

 

He said he expected consumer inflation to remain at roughly the same level as in the first half.



Announcement on Imposing Tariffs on Some Goods Originating in the US

 

June 17, 2018 - MOFCOM

 

The US government announced to impose additional tariffs of 25% on US$50 billion worth of the Chinese imports according to the unilateral recognized results of section 301 investigation on June 15, 2018. Among these, the additional tariff on US$34 billion worth of Chinese imports will come into effect from July 6, and measures against the rest of US$16 billion worth of Chinese imports will further solicit public opinions. The UShas ignored China’s opposition and serious representation, resolutely behaved against the WTO rules. It has severely violated China’s legitimate rights in the WTO and threatened China’s economic interest and safety.

 

In the face of the emergency that the US has violated the international rules against China, in order to defend its legitimate rights, China decided to impose a tariff rate of 25% on the US imports like farm products, auto and aquatic products according to the Foreign Trade Law of the People’s Republic of China and the basic principles of International Law, involving US$34 billion worth of US imports in 2017 (appendix 1). Those measures will come into force from July 6 2018.

 

Meanwhile, Chinaplanned to impose additional tariff of 25% on chemical products, medical equipment and energy imported from the US, involving US$ 16 billion worth of the US imports. The final measures and effective date will be released separately.



MOFCOM Announcement No.52 of 2018 on Review of the Anti-dumping Measures against Imports of Certain Alloy-Steel Seamless Tubes and Pipes for High Temperature and Pressure Service Originating in the United States and the EU

 

June 17, 2018 -  MOFCOM

 

On May 9, 2014, the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China (the "MOFCOM") issued Announcement No.34 of 2014, deciding to levy anti-dumping duties on imports of certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service originating in the United States and the EU from May 10, 2014.

 

On May 10, 2018, Inner Mongolia North Heavy Industries Group Corp. Ltd. submitted an application to the MOFCOM on behalf of China's industry of certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service, arguing that the United States and the EU exported certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service to China at an increased dumping degree exceeding the applicable anti-dumping duties now in effect, and requesting for review of the anti-dumping measures in terms of dumping and dumping margin.

 

On May 14, 2018, the MOFCOM informed the embassies of the United States and delegation of the EU in China of the application for review in terms of dumping and dumping margin, and forwarded to them the public text of the application and the unclassified summary of confidential materials. On June 11, 2018, the European Commission submitted its comments.

 

In accordance with the Anti-dumping Regulations of the People's Republic of Chinaand the Rules on Review of Dumping and Dumping Margin, the MOFCOM examined the qualifications of the applicant, the export prices and normal value of the underlying products, changes in the dumping margin and other relevant conditions.

 

Upon examination, the MOFCOM believed that the application meets conditions for review set out in the Anti-dumping Regulations of the People's Republic of Chinaand the Rules on Review of Dumping and Dumping Margin. The MOFCOM decided to, as of the date of release hereof, review the anti-dumping measures applicable to imports of certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service originating in the United States and the EU in terms of dumping and dumping margin.

 

Relevant review matters are hereby announced as below:

 

I. Product scope

 

Imports of certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service originating in the United Statesand the EU

 

Specific descriptions are consistent with product descriptions set out in the MOFCOM Announcement No.34 of 2014.Details of the Products under Investigation are as follows:

 

Name of the Products under Investigation:相关高温承压用合金钢无缝钢管, also known as P92无缝钢管, 10Cr9MoW2VNbBN无缝钢管, X10CrWMoVNb9-2无缝钢管, etc.; name in English: Certain Alloy-Steel Seamless Tubes and Pipes for High Temperature and Pressure Service.

 

Description: Alloy steel seamless pipes with an outer diameter of 127mm or more (including 127mm), the content of carbon (C) in chemical composition (wt%) of not less than 0.07 and not more than 0.13, the content of chromium (Cr) of not less than 8.5 and not more than 9.5, and that of molybdenum (Mo) of not less than 0.3 and not more than 0.6 and that of tungsten (W) of not less than 1.5 and not more than 2.0, a tensile strength of 620 MPa or more and a yield strength of 440 MPa or more, whether or not they have undergone further processing.

 

Main purposes: certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service have strong high-temperature strength and creep resistance, and are mainly used in supercritical and ultra-supercritical power station boilers and power station steam water pipelines.

 

The products are listed under tariff number of 73045110, 73045190, 73045910 and 73045990 in the Customs Import and Export Tariff of the People's Republic of China. Other steel pipe products under the above tariff numbers that do not meet the details of the Products under Investigation fall beyond of this investigation.

 

II. Review investigation period and review scope

 

(I) Review investigation period

 

The dumping investigation period of this review is from April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018.

 

(II) Review scope

 

Export price, normal value and dumping margin of imports of certain alloy-steel seamless tubes and pipes for high temperature and pressure service originating in the United States and the EU.

 

III. Review procedures

 

(I) Comments of interested parties

 

Any interested party may give opinions on this review in writing and provide corresponding evidence within 20 days after the date of release hereof.

 

(II) Registration for participating in the investigation

 

Any interested party may register with the Trade Remedy and Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce for participating in this round of anti-dumping review within 20 days after the date of release hereof. Interested parties participating in the investigation are required to provide basic information, quantity and amount of the products under investigation exported to or importing from China, quantity and amount of similar products produced and sold and relationship and other illustrative materials based on the Reference Format of the Registration to Participate in the Investigation, which can be downloaded from the Trade Remedy and Investigation Bureau sub-website of the MOFCOM website (http://trb.mofcom.gov.cn).

 

(III) Distribution of questionnaires

 

In order to obtain the information necessary for the investigation as deemed by it, the MOFCOM will, as needed, distribute questionnaires to relevant interested parties. The questionnaires for this case may be downloaded from the website of Trade Remedy and Investigation Bureau of the MOFCOM website. Answer sheets of the questionnaires shall be submitted as required by the questionnaires within 37 days after they are distributed.

 

(IV) Hearings

 

An interested party may make a written request for holding a hearing in accordance with the Rules on the Hearing of Anti-dumping and Countervailing Investigations of the MOFCOM. When necessary as it deems, the MOFCOM may actively hold a hearing.

 

(V) On-site inspections

 

When necessary, the MOFCOM will assign workers to conduct on-site inspections at relevant countries; any materials submitted by an interested party shall include the statement on agreement about inspections; and, before inspections, the MOFCOM will inform relevant countries and enterprises in advance.

 

IV. Non-cooperation

 

In accordance with Article 21 of the Anti-dumping Regulations of the People's Republic of China, when the MOFCOM makes an investigation, an interested party shall faithfully reflect situations and provide relevant materials. If an interested party fails to do so, fails to provide necessary information within a reasonable time, or seriously impedes an investigation in any other way, the MOFCOM may give a ruling according to facts already obtained and the best information available.

 

V. Contact Information

 

Trade Remedy and Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce

Address: No. 2 Dong Chang'an Avenue, Beijing

Postal code: 100731

Tel.: 86—10—65198474; 65198197

Fax: 86-10-65198172

 

Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China

June 15, 2018

 

(All information published in this website is authentic in Chinese. English is provided for reference only.)



USTR Issues Tariffs on Chinese Products in Response to Unfair Trade Practices

 

USTR 15 June 2018

 

Washington, DC– The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) today released a list of products imported from Chinathat will be subject to additional tariffs as part of the U.S. response to China’s unfair trade practices related to the forced transfer of American technology and intellectual property.  

 

On May 29, 2018, President Trump stated that USTR shall announce by June 15 the imposition of an additional duty of 25 percent on approximately $50 billion worth of Chinese imports containing industrially significant technologies, including those related to China’s "Made in China 2025” industrial policy.  Today’s action comes after an exhaustive Section 301 investigation in which USTR found that China’s acts, policies and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation are unreasonable and discriminatory, and burden U.S. commerce.

 

"We must take strong defensive actions to protect America’s leadership in technology and innovation against the unprecedented threat posed by China’s theft of our intellectual property, the forced transfer of American technology, and its cyber attacks on our computer networks,” said Ambassador Robert Lighthizer.  " China’s government is aggressively working to undermine America’s high-tech industries and our economic leadership through unfair trade practices and industrial policies like ‘Made in China 2025.’  Technology and innovation are America’s greatest economic assets and President Trump rightfully recognizes that if we want our country to have a prosperous future, we must take a stand now to uphold fair trade and protect American competitiveness.”

 

The list of products issued today covers 1,102 separate U.S. tariff lines valued at approximately $50 billion in 2018 trade values.  This list was compiled based on extensive interagency analysis and a thorough examination of comments and testimony from interested parties.  It generally focuses on products from industrial sectors that contribute to or benefit from the "Made in China 2025” industrial policy, which include industries such as aerospace, information and communications technology, robotics, industrial machinery, new materials, and automobiles.  The list does not include goods commonly purchased by American consumers such as cellular telephones or televisions.

 

This list of products consists of two sets of U.S tariff lines.  The first set contains 818 lines of the original 1,333 lines that were included on the proposed list published on April 6.  These lines cover approximately $34 billion worth of imports from China.  USTR has determined to impose an additional duty of 25 percent on these 818 product lines after having sought and received views from the public and advice from the appropriate trade advisory committees.  Customs and Border Protection will begin to collect the additional duties on July 6, 2018.

 

The second set contains 284 proposed tariff lines identified by the interagency Section 301 Committee as benefiting from Chinese industrial policies, including the "Made in China 2025” industrial policy.  These 284 lines, which cover approximately $16 billion worth of imports from China, will undergo further review in a public notice and comment process, including a public hearing.  After completion of this process, USTR will issue a final determination on the products from this list that would be subject to the additional duties.

 

USTR recognizes that some U.S.companies may have an interest in importing items from China that are covered by the additional duties. Accordingly, USTR will soon provide an opportunity for the public to request the exclusion of particular products from the additional duties subject to this action.  USTR will issue a notice in the Federal Register with details regarding this process within the next few weeks.

 

Background

 

President Trump announced on March 22, 2018, that USTR shall publish a proposed list of products and any intended tariff increases in order to address the acts, policies, and practices of Chinathat are unreasonable or discriminatory and that burden or restrict U.S. commerce.

 

These acts, policies and practices of China include those that coerce American companies into transferring their technology and intellectual property to domestic Chinese enterprises.  They bolster China’s stated intention of seizing economic dominance of certain advanced technology sectors as set forth in its industrial plans, such as "Made in China 2025.”  (See USTR Section 301 Report here.)

 

On April 3, USTR announced a proposed list of 1,333 products that may be subject to an additional duty of 25 percent, and sought comments from interested persons and the appropriate trade advisory committees.



President Xi : Secure growth with quality

China Daily | 2018-06-15 03:38

 

President Xi Jinping has urged government officials to secure high-quality economic growth and boost innovation to meet people's increasing need for a better life.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remark during a three-day inspection tour in Shandong province that ended on Thursday.

He said the key to advancing high-quality development is to pursue supply-side structural reform, pushing for changes in quality, efficiency and drivers of economic growth.

Solid efforts are needed to promote industrial transformation and upgrading as well as innovation-driven development, he added.

Xi highlighted the importance of ensuring economic growth, advancing reforms, readjusting the economic structure, improving people's well-being as well as forestalling risks, saying continuous efforts are needed to win the three critical battles against potential risk, poverty and pollution.

On Thursday, Xi visited an Inspur Group factory building high-end fault-tolerant computers in Jinan, the provincial capital. He inspected the production process and workflow and talked with employees.

Pushing innovation-driven development and fostering new growth drivers are key to overcoming difficulties in the nation's development, Xi said.

On Wednesday, when Xi visited Yantai, a coastal city in the province, he urged State-owned enterprises to press ahead for reforms, encouraging them to build capacity for independent innovation.

Clinging to outmoded ideas or practices will lead nowhere, and reforms are needed to enable State-owned enterprises to modernize, he said.

 

Representatives of Wanhua Chemical, a local shareholding company restructured from a State-owned enterprise, told Xi about the company's efforts to change from an enterprise with backward technologies into an industry flagship, highlighting their growing capabilities in technological innovation.

Xi said he believes the company's success results from independent innovation. Nothing is impossible, but vigorous efforts are needed, he added.

The 19th CPC National Congress called for further reform of State-owned enterprises and developing mixed-ownership economic entities to make them globally competitive.

Xi also visited a base of Yantai China International Marine Containers Raffles, where he talked with worker representatives and learned more about company efforts to develop, design and manufacture high-end marine equipment through independent innovation.


Xi, Merkel aim for stronger ties

  China Daily | 2018-05-25

 

Germanycan gain from role in new opening-up initiative, he says

Germanyis invited to seize opportunities created by China's new round of opening-up, and the two countries should cooperate more on industries of the future, President Xi Jinping said on Thursday.

Xi made the remarks while meeting with visiting German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. It's the German leader's 11th visit to China.

China and Germanyshould set an example of win-win cooperation, take the lead in strengthening China-Europe relations, promote building a new type of international relations and overcome their ideological differences while enhancing cooperation, Xi said.

The president pointed out that the two sides should continue with high-level exchanges, enhance the top-level design of bilateral ties, encourage exchanges in all areas and make full use of all ways to continue dialogue.

The two countries should make joint efforts to expand markets and jointly develop a third-party market, Xi said, adding that people-to-people exchanges should also be boosted.

Chinawould like to work with Germanyto push the improvement of global governance under a multilateral framework, Xi said, adding that the two countries should enhance coordination on hot issues.

Xi said that Chinaappreciates Germany's support of the Belt and Road Initiative, and German enterprises are welcome to participate.

Chinafirmly supports the unification of Europe and hopes that the European Union remains united, stable, open and prosperous, Xi said, adding that China would like to work with Europeto uphold multilateralism.

China and Europe should send more clear and confident signals to the international community and push stable development of the global situation to benefit all sides, Xi said.

Calling Chinaan important member of the international community, Merkel said China is a significant German trade partner.

Germanywould like to seize the opportunities presented by China's opening-up, expand trade and investment cooperation with China and boost people-to-people exchanges, she said.

The two countries should enhance communication and coordination on global affairs and strengthen cooperation under multilateral frameworks such as the G20, she said.

When Premier Li Keqiang met with Merkel on Thursday, he called for two-way opening-up to expand bilateral cooperation.

 

German companies are welcome to continue sharing benefits brought by an opening Chinese market, and Germany and other European countries are expected to create fair and open environments for Chinese companies to invest in, he said.

The premier also called for strengthening cooperation in emerging industries such as artificial intelligence, new energy automobiles and autonomous vehicles, and exploring the potential in research and development of smart manufacturing.

The Chinese government supports sending interns to each other's countries to learn professional skills and promote craftsmanship, he said.

Chinarecently released a series of measures for opening-up and will further reduce market access thresholds, and lower shareholding ratios of foreign companies in fields such as automaking and finance, he said.

Chinese companies are welcome to invest in Germany, which supports advancing the China-EU bilateral investment treaty, Merkel told Li.

Also on Thursday, Li and Merkel attended a meeting of the Chinese-German Economic Advisory Committee with business representatives from both countries.

Noting that this year marks the first in which the re-elected governments of both countries are taking place, Li said that it is of great significance for business leaders of both countries to speak face-to-face on bilateral cooperation.

China and Germany, as the largest economies in Asia and Europe, bear responsibility in their cooperation to fight against protectionism and unilateralism and to protect trade and investment facilitation, Li said.

Merkel said the committee is maturing and has provided a good platform for candid communication for both countries.

She said that bilateral business investment in both countries shows good momentum and that she hopes both countries will provide equal market access to investments for each other.




China's tariff reduction excites foreign carmakers

Chinadaily 2018-05-25

 

The Mercedes-Benz logo is seen at an auto expo in Beijing, April 25, 2018. [Photo/VCG]

Foreign carmakers commented positively after China announced decision to lower tariffs on imported cars.

 

"All the undelivered cars will be priced in line with the latest import duty irrespective of the time for customs clearance, and some inventories are available now at the adjusted prices," Tesla said in a statement.

On Tuesday, Tesla took the lead in reducing prices for Model S and Model X in the Chinese mainland as a response to tariff reduction. The intended cuts will reduce the final price of imported cars by 8 percent to 15 percent, predicted CITIC Securities.

The Model X 75 D for example was sold out immediately at an experience store in Shanghaiafter its price was reduced by over 70,000 yuan, The Paper reported.

Volvo cut the price of its imported cars as well to attract more customers. Its flagship sports utility vehicle model XC90 has a maximum price cut of over 100,000 yuan, said the company on Thursday.

 

Other foreign automakers also responded right away. BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Audi and Porsche said respectively that they will evaluate the current suggested retail price in response to the government policy.

Toyotasaid "we will cut the price of imported vehicles and deliver more competitive products to Chinese customers".

The reductions may be more favorable to German automakers since one-third of cars imported to Chinain 2017 were built in Germany, making the country ahead of its rivals, Financial Times said.

BMW and Mercedes-Benz were the top two brands in sales volume of imported cars last year, said China Automobile Dealers Association.

According to statistics from China Association of Automobile Manufacturers in January, Chinaproduced more than 29 million vehicles and sold 28.88 million in 2017, and it imported over 1.2million vehicles, some 4.2 percent of total sales.




Xi calls for high-quality growth through developing Yangtze River economic belt

Source: Xinhua| 2018-04-27 

 

 

 

 

WUHAN, April 26 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday called for achieving high-quality economic growth through developing the Yangtze River economic belt.

 

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remarks at a symposium on promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt in Wuhan, capital of central China's Hubei Province.

 

He stressed the importance of enhancing reform and innovation, strategic coordination as well as planning and guiding in developing the economic belt.

 

"It is a major decision made by the CPC Central Committee and a major strategy concerning overall national development to promote the development of the Yangtze River economic belt," Xi said.

 

He called for all-out efforts to protect the Yangtze River, saying there should be no large-scale development of the river.

 

"In developing the economic belt, the key lies in properly dealing with the relationship between pressing ahead on the whole and making breakthroughs in key areas, between ecological environment protection and economic development, between making an overall plan and making unremitting efforts, between getting rid of old growth engines and cultivating new engines, and between developing individually and developing in a coordinated way," he said.

 

Before the symposium, Xi on Tuesday inspected Hubei Xingfa Chemicals Group, China's largest fine phosphoric chemicals maker and the largest relocated company in the Three Gorges Reservoir region.

 

"The Yangtze River is China's mother river, and we must protect it, while enterprises are the major force in protecting and building the ecological environment of the river," he said.

 

"We must move all polluting enterprises from along the Yangtze River with resolve... to root out hidden dangers of pollution," he stressed.

 

Xi called for putting restoration of the river's ecological environment high on the agenda in developing the Yangtze River economic belt.

 

"When we say there should be no large-scale development, it does not mean we cannot develop it at all, but we should stay away from destructive development of the river, and we should follow a green development path which puts ecology first," Xi said.

 

Also on Tuesday, Xi inspected the Three Gorges Project and the dam area's neighboring ecological environment.

 

Calling the Three Gorges Project a crucial piece of high-end equipment for the nation and a major symbol of China's development since the reform and opening-up, Xi stressed the importance of having the capability to make really important high-end equipment "using our own hands."

 

"To get core and key technology, begging alms won't work," Xi said. "We must rely on our own hard work."

 

On Wednesday morning, Xi inspected the ecological environment and development along the Yangtze River by ship.

 

Describing restoration of the river's ecological environment "an arduous task that the new era has entrusted to us" and "the high expectations of the people," Xi called for top priority to be given to stopping unplanned development and capping the total pollution discharge.

 

"We must not allow the ecological environment of the Yangtze River to continue deteriorating in the hands of our generation, and we must leave our descendants a clean and beautiful Yangtze River," he said.

 

On Thursday afternoon, Xi chaired a symposium on promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt.

 

"We must proceed from the long-term interests of the Chinese nation to put restoring the ecological environment of the Yangtze River at a dominant position, making all-out efforts to protect it, and forbidding large-scale development of the river," he said.

 

The aim is to build the economic belt into a golden economic belt featuring more beautiful ecology, more smooth transport, more coordinated economy, more integrated market and more scientific mechanisms, he said.

 

Saying that difficulties and challenges remain in developing the Yangtze River economic belt, Xi made five suggestions to promote the development of the Yangtze River economic belt.

 

First, efforts should be made to properly deal with the relationship between pressing ahead on the whole and making breakthroughs in key areas, so as to protect and restore the ecological environment of the Yangtze River in all aspects.

 

Second, efforts should be made to properly deal with the relationship between ecological environment protection and economic development, and explore a new path which puts ecology first while pursuing green development.

 

Third, efforts should be made to properly deal with the relationship between making an overall plan and making unremitting efforts, and stick to a single blueprint until the end.

 

Fourth, efforts should be made to properly deal with the relationship between getting rid of old growth engines and cultivating new engines, and facilitate the establishment of a modern economic system for the Yangtze River economic belt.

 

Finally, efforts should be made to properly deal with the relationship between developing individually and developing in a coordinated way so as to make the economic belt an efficient economic entity.

 

Vice Premier Han Zheng, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and also head of the leading group for promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, addressed the symposium.

 

ROK, DPRK leaders discuss permanent peace

 

Xinhua/chinadaily.com.cn |: 2018-04-27

 

 

ROK President Moon Jae-in (2nd L) meets with top leader of the DPRK Kim Jong-un (2nd R) at the Peace House, a building on the ROK side of Panmunjom, April 27, 2018. [Photo/Xinhua]

 

 

GOYANG, ROK - Leaders of the Republicof Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) discussed denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula, the establishment of a permanent peace pact and the improvement of inter-Korean ties, South Korea's Blue House said Friday.

 

ROK President Moon Jae-in and top DPRK leader Kim Jong-un sincerely and candidly talked about the issues during their formal closed-door dialogue, which lasted for about 100 minutes, Yoon Young-chan, senior press secretary for Moon, told a press briefing at the border village of Panmunjom.

 

Working-level officials from the two sides have been working to reach an agreement on the joint declaration of the Moon-Kim summit.

 

After the first session of their talks, Kim returned to the DPRK side of Panmunjom for a lunch break. The second session will be resumed in the afternoon, with a welcoming banquet included in the list of official events.

 

Ri Sol-ju, Kim's wife, is slated to arrive in Panmunjom at around 6:15 pm local time (0915 GMT) to attend the state banquet, hosted by Moon and his spouse Kim Jung-sook, according to the joint press corps.

 


 


Stabilizing China-India military ties people's shared aspiration: National Defense Ministry

Xinhua| 2018-04-26 2

 

BEIJING, April 26 (Xinhua) -- Stabilizing military relations between China and India and maintaining peace in the border areas are the shared aspirations of people from both countries, according to Wu Qian, spokesperson with China's Ministry of National Defense, on Thursday.

"Despite some difficulties and obstacles in the bilateral military relationship, we are willing to deepen understanding, enhance mutual trust, properly handle differences, and incessantly accumulate positive energy for the healthy and stable development of military ties under the guidance of the important consensus reached between leaders of both countries," Wu told a press conference.



China to be bolder in opening up financial sector: central bank governor

Source: Xinhua| 2018-03-09

 

Zhou Xiaochuan (C), governor of the People's Bank of China (PBOC), Yi Gang (R), deputy governor of the PBOC and Pan Gongsheng, deputy governor of the PBOC and head of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, attend a press conference on financial reform and development on the sidelines of the first session of the 13th National People's Congress in Beijing, capital of China, March 9, 2018. (Xinhua/Li Xin)

 

BEIJING, March 9 (Xinhua) -- China will be bolder in opening up its financial sector, Zhou Xiaochuan, governor of the central bank, said here Friday.

"We have studied most of the policies and will look for opportunities to advance the progress," Zhou told a press conference on the sidelines of the annual session of the National People's Congress (NPC).

China will open up its financial sector to foreign investment through measures including making market entry standards the same for both Chinese and foreign banks.

China has made progress on currency convertibility in the past five years by introducing stock and bond connect programs between the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong, which are all part of the country's financial opening up, he said.

He also pointed out that the opening up of the financial sector includes not only widening market access for foreign investors, but also the global expansion of China's domestic financial institutions and promotion of global use of yuan.

"The globalization of the yuan will be a gradual process," he said, noting that the central bank will work to enhance connection between China's capital market and other markets, and at the same time push for the convertibility of capital accounts.

Meanwhile, granting equal treatment to both domestic and foreign investors does not mean loosening regulation, said Yi Gang, vice governor of the People's Bank of China, at the same occasion.

Foreign financial institutions will be under the same prudent regulation as Chinese ones to forestall risks and protect financial stability.


 

"Internet of Things" for China's Agriculture

 

China's latest plan for agriculture is to substitute big data and artificial control for traditional farming methods.



On January 10,2018 Vice Minister of Agriculture Yu Xinrong 
announced the launch of regional pilot "Internet of things agriculture projects." 

 

The "Internet of things" () is the network of gadgets and sensors that are connected through the Internet, collect and compile vast amounts of data and can be controlled remotely from computers or mobile phones. Applications are mainly for remote-controlled greenhouses, animal traceability systems, and monitoring of transportation and storage facilities.

 

 

The pilot projects are in Tianjin, Shanghai, and Anhui. Mr. Yu made the announcement during a trip to Shanghai where he visited the Bio-tag Ltd. Co. which makes electronic tags for animals, the Shanghai Infrastructure Agriculture Internet of Things Base, a vegetable company, the Shanghai Internet of Things Service Center, the animal traceability electronic service center, and the Plant Growth Perception Demo and had discussions with experts and company executives.

Vice Minister Yu said that the recent "agricultural work meeting" in Beijing recommended relying on science and technology-support and innovation-drive to follow the path of modern agriculture with Chinese characteristics. The "Internet of things" strategy will be "government-guided" and "market-driven." Policies supporting technology and innovation will support the Internet of things strategy, said Mr. Yu. The strategy emphasizes "system design" and a concept of "whole system, all factors, whole process."

Tianjin's agriculture commission's description of its projects gives some clues about what "Internet of things" agriculture is. The project is described as part of the municipality's transition from traditional agriculture to information-ization and intelligent development. Other buzz words include "science and technology planning," "small and medium enterprises," "high-tech companies," and "metropolitan-style agriculture."

Over the past two years, 14 Tianjinprojects have received public investment of 3.34 million yuan ($547 million) and private investment of 27 million  yuan ($4.4 million) in research, demonstration and use of "Internet of things" in agriculture. Four key projects illustrate the applications of "Internet of things".

First is a system for climate control in greenhouses. An intelligent engineering system designed for artificial control of greenhouse temperature and air collects data and sends out warnings when temperature falls dangerously low in the cold winter months. A second project is aimed at improving food safety by monitoring microorganisms in milk at each stage "from cow to table." The dairy monitoring is said to increase transparency and improve the reputation and competitiveness of dairy companies.

A third project addresses problems in the chicken industry by again collecting and storing data on the various stages of the supply chain. The chicken project also plans to set up a system for remotely offering advice to farmers on disease diagnosis and prevention. This is supposed to raise profits for companies and attract more farmers to raise chickens and earn more money.

The fourth project addresses problems with growing vegetables in plastic-covered hothouses. This will use the latest micro-power wireless technology to collect data from temperature and humidity sensors and early detection of pests. Vegetables will be tracked and monitored visually in transportation and storage using GPS, RFID, sensing, and GIS to facilitate scheduling.

 

China has a long love affair with technology and engineering solutions for agriculture. They have been building space-age agricultural facilities since the 1980s and much of this technology was used in Beijing's food safety system during the 2008 Olympics. Treating the food system like a space program may achieve impressive results but such systems fall into disuse once officials have lost interest, equipment breaks down and no one knows how to use it properly. Agriculture is a complex activity and there is no substitute for a farmer who knows his land and his customer.


 

Economic outlook expected to be bright in 2018

 

Chinadialy |  2018-01-19



Evergrande Group Chief Economist Ren Zeping made a speech at a forum held in Beijing on Jan 18, 2018. [Photo by Song Jingli/chinadaily.com.cn]

China's economy this year will grow by between 6.5 percent and 6.8 percent year-on-year, Fan Hengshan, vice secretary of National Development and Reform Commission, predicted on Thursday.

"I am afraid the economic growth in 2018 might be difficult to exceed the 6.9 percent growth rate recorded in 2017, which was unexpectated," Fan told participants at the "New Order, New Power" forum held by news portal Hexun.com.

But Fan said he was optimistic about the economic outlook, as effects of major reforms these two years would continue to surface in 2018.

Like Fan, Evergrande Group Chief Economist Ren Zeping also shared his high expectations for the country's growth.

Ren reemphasized his opinion that Chinais now at the starting point of a "new" recovery cycle as the global economy is recovering and China's outdated capacity has been eliminated.

He said that at the beginning of 2017, there were hot debates on the "new cycle" prediction between economists, which indicated there were divided opinions on how the economy would develop.

However, the country's actual growth realized last year has shown that the new cycle has really come into being and that was due to three things done right by the country's decision makers, Ren added.

"The leadership has figured out where the problems were and correspondingly came up with the right solution, which was the supply-side reform," said the economist.

"In addition, the execution has been very strong," he said, citing the anti-air pollution campaign as an example.


 
 

Xi thought proposed to be included in Constitution

Xinhua |  2018-01-19

 

 

 

The second plenary session of the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, presided over by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, is held in Beijing, capital of China, from Jan. 18 to 19. [Xinhua/Xie Huanchi]

 

BEIJING -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee Friday proposed to write Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the Constitution. 

Major theoretical achievements, principles and policies adopted at the 19th CPC National Congress should be incorporated into the upcoming revision to the Constitution, according to a communique issued after the second plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, which was held in Beijing Thursday and Friday.

A proposal from the CPC Central Committee on the revision to the Constitution was adopted at the meeting.

New achievements, experiences and requirements of the development of the Party and nation should be embodied in the revised Constitution, according to the communique.

"We should keep pace with the times and improve the Constitution while maintaining its consistency, stability and authority," the document said.

The CPC Central Committee stressed "holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and fully implementing the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress" in amending the Constitution. 

The amending process should take Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development, and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the guide, according to the communique. 

The top legislature will also review amendments to laws on the Red Cross Society, maritime environmental protection, water pollution and small- and medium-sized enterprises.

Meanwhile, the NPC Standing Committee will continue deliberating laws on deep sea resource exploration, charities, administration of overseas non-governmental organizations and cyber security.

"Other laws to be drafted or amended in accordance with the country's drives to deepen reform and promote the rule of law, the 2016-2020 development plan, national defense and military reform will also be arranged for deliberation at a proper time," it said.

 In addition, lawmakers will check enforcement of laws on environmental protection, food safety, road traffic safety, transformation of scientific and technological achievements, water and work safety.

Reports on environmental protection, food safety, higher education reforms and judicial transparency are also set to be heard by legislators.

The NPC Standing Committee will also step up supervision on the enforcement of the Constitution.

Elections of NPC delegates will begin this year. Adhering to the Party's leadership, the NPC Standing Committee will promote democracy and follow procedures in strict accordance with the law, to ensure that the elections are held honestly and in an orderly manner.

 
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